Wood is not only a traditional resource, but is becoming increasingly important as a building material of the future. In its application as a structural material, wood offers many advantages over steel and concrete buildings. For example, the specific strength is very high. It is also easy to process the material into different products. This ensures an increasing demand for the sustainable and renewable raw material in the construction industry. Especially the sustainability and the positive effects on the CO2 balance are attractive plus points in times when climate change is becoming increasingly important. For use as a structural material, however, the material behavior must be available for the design and calculation of the components used.